Goal: Specific measure of biomolecule concentration in fluids
Miniaturization of biological assays

Electrochemical biosensors
DNA microarrays
Protein microarrays
Lab on a chip
Fluorescence based detection
Electrical detection
Surface plasmon resonance and surface enhanced Raman scattering

Prerequisites: Molecular biology
Physico-chemistry of molecular interactions in solution
Basics of molecular spectroscopy