Goal: This course covers basics concepts in physiology from cardiac, respiratory and renal physiology to the knwoledge of some human pathologies. It introduces main conceps in neurosciences, from neuron to simple neural fonctions, and some neurodegenerative diseases. The course provides contacts with physicians and medical research.

Content :      Lectures on Physiology
         - Action potential and synaptic transmission
         - Molecular mechanisms of muscle contraction
         - Renal physiology: kidney organization, nephrons, excretion and dialysis, homeostasis, regulation of pH, blood pressure and blood volume by hormones, renal failure, hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis
         - Cardiovascular physiology, physiology of respiration : gas exchanges, gas transport, cardiac output, regulation of heart rate, blood pressure, hemostasis, main cardiovascular diseases and respiratoiry diseases
         - Regulation of blood glucose concentration
Lectures in neurosciences
          - Location and functions of the nervous system
          - Basic principles of neurosciences : cells, electrical properties of cell membranes, cell excitability, membrane channels, action potential, synapses, neurotransmitters, other kinds of transmission
          - Main physiological consequences of neurotransmission : post-synaptic potentials, synaptic dendritic integration, neuronal phenotypes, groups of cells, importance of connectivity
          - Neural coding : example of the muscle spindle, generalization, population coding
          - Central pattern generators : basic principles, example of the respiratory centers
          - Plasticity : short-term and long-term synaptic plasticity, structural plasticity (axonal and dendritic modifications)

Prerequisites: Molecular biology course and cell signaling course